Chiastic Structures
The Old Testament
Chiastic Parallels
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1 In the year of King Uzziah’s death, I saw my Lord seated on a throne, highly exalted, the skirt of his robe filling the sanctuary.
2 Seraphs stood by him overhead, each having six wings— with two they could veil their presence, with two conceal their location, and with two fly about.
3 They called out to one another, and said,

Most holy is Jehovah of Hosts; the consummation of all the earth is his glory!

4 The threshold shook to its foundation at the sound of those who called and a mist filled the temple.


5 Then I thought, Woe is me: I have been struck dumb, for I am a man of unclean speech, and I live among a people of unclean speech: I have seen the King, Jehovah of Hosts, with my own eyes!
6 Then one of the seraphs flew to me carrying an ember which he had taken with tongs from the altar.
7 Touching it to my mouth, he said, See, this has touched your lips: your sins are taken away, your transgressions atoned for.


8 Then I heard the voice of my Lord saying, Who shall I send? Who will go for us?


And I replied, Here am I; send me!


9 And he said, Go, and say to these people,

Go on hearing, but not understanding; Go on seeing, but not perceiving. 10 Make the heart of these people grow fat; dull their ears and shut their eyes, lest they see with their eyes and hear with their ears, understand in their heart, and repent, and be healed.

11 And I replied, For how long, my Lord?


And he said,

Until the cities lie desolate and without inhabitant, the houses without a man, and the land ravaged to ruin. 12 For Jehovah will drive men away, and great shall be the exodus from the centers of the land. 13 And while yet a tenth of the people remain in it, or return, they shall be burned. But like the terebinth or the oak when it is felled, whose stump remains alive, so shall the holy offspring be what is left standing.