Chiastic Structures
The Old Testament
Chiastic Parallels
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A

1 Attention, all who thirst; come for water!
You who have no money,
come and buy food, that you may eat. Come, buy wine and milk
with no money and at no cost. 2 Why do you spend money on what is not bread,
your labor on what does not satisfy? Hear me well: Eat what is good,
and your souls shall enjoy abundance. 3 Give ear and come unto me;
pay heed, that your souls may live! And I will make with you an everlasting covenant:
my loving fidelity toward David.

B

4 See, I have appointed him as a witness to the nations,
a prince and lawgiver of the peoples. 5 You will summon a nation that you did not know;
a nation that did not know you will hasten to you— because of Jehovah your God,
the Holy One of Israel, who gloriously endows you.

C

6 Inquire of Jehovah while he is present;
call upon him while he is near. 7 Let the wicked forsake their ways
and sinful men their thoughts. Let them return to Jehovah,
and he will have mercy on them; to our God, who graciously pardons.

C'

8 For my thoughts are not your thoughts,
nor are your ways my ways, says Jehovah. 9 But as the heavens are higher than the earth,
so are my ways higher than your ways and my thoughts higher than your thoughts.

B'

10 And as the rains and snows descend from the sky,
and return not to it without watering the earth, to render it fertile and fruitful—
providing seed for the sower and food for the eater— 11 so is the word that leaves my mouth:
it does not return to me empty; it accomplishes what I desire,
achieves the purpose for which I sent it.

A'

12 You shall depart in joy and be led back in peace;
the mountains and hills shall sing at your presence and the trees of the meadows all clap their hands. 13 In place of the thornbush shall come up the cypress,
in place of nettles, the myrtle. This shall serve as a testimony of Jehovah,
an everlasting sign that shall not be done away.